Should non-financial contributions be considered when deciding a redistribution order?

Question

Should non-financial contributions, like child-rearing and housekeeping be considered when deciding a redistribution order?

Non-financial contributions by either spouse, unless stipulated beforehand, is considered altruistic. Spouses can, therefore, not claim to be paid out for altruistic contributions. If, however, by way of example, the wife reaches an agreement with her husband that he will be paying her a certain amount of money for child-rearing or housekeeping, and he then fails to do so during the course of the marriage; the wife may claim those funds and it should be considered when deciding a redistribution order. That the wife can request payment for these types of services is taken from the fiqhi discussion that permits her to request a suitable payment for the breastfeeding of their child. [al-Nawawi, Minhaj al-Talibin]

قال الخطيب على المنهاج:

(ﻓﺈﻥ اﺗﻔﻘﺎ) ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ اﻷﻡ ﺗﺮﺿﻌﻪ (ﻭﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﺃﺟﺮﺓ ﻣﺜﻞ) ﻟﻪ (ﺃﺟﻴﺒﺖ) ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ: {ﻓﺈﻥ ﺃﺭﺿﻌﻦ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﺂﺗﻮﻫﻦ ﺃﺟﻮﺭهن} [ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ: 6] ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﺣﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻤﺎ ﻣﺮ، ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺌﺠﺎﺭ اﻟﺰﻭﺝ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺟﺎﺋﺰ

Please note, if the concern is that the wife should be compensated somehow at the time of separation, the Shari’ah has legislated an obligatory amenity payment (mut’ah) that the husband pays the wife at the time of separation. In the instance that the spouses cannot come to an agreement regarding the amount of this payment, a judge may use his discretion in determining an amount based on the financial state of both husband and wife. [al-Nawawi, Minhaj al-Talibin]

قال الخطيب على المنهاج

(ﻓﺈﻥ ﺗﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎ) ﻓﻲ ﻗﺪﺭﻫﺎ (ﻗﺪﺭﻫﺎ اﻟﻘﺎﺿﻲ ﺑﻨﻈﺮﻩ) ﺃﻱ اﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺤﺴﺐ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻴﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺎﻝ (ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮا ﺣﺎﻟﻬﻤﺎ) ﻣﻦ ﻳﺴﺎﺭ اﻟﺰﻭﺝ ﻭﺇﻋﺴﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﻧﺴﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﺻﻔﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ: {ﻭﻣﺘﻌﻮﻫﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﻮﺳﻊ ﻗﺪﺭﻩ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﻘﺘﺮ ﻗﺪﺭﻩ} [اﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ: 236]

 

And Allāh knows best

MJC (SA)

Other Fatwa

Children

Stepfather and Rights of Biological Father

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   1. When a man marries a woman who already …

Read More →
Mufti Abdurragmaan Khan

Selling Property to a Church

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   1. There is a consensus that it is not …

Read More →
Fasting

An Explanation on Fitrah and Fidyah calculation

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته 1. The Ḥanafī School is the only school that permits …

Read More →
Children

Rights of Custody

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   1. The rights to the custody of a child …

Read More →
Mufti Abdurragmaan Khan

The Cast, Tayammum and Repeating Salah

 السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   1. The Shafi’i school’s stance regarding the above query …

Read More →
Inheritance

Inheritance of land expropriation compensation

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   1. Compensation for land expropriation forms part of the …

Read More →
Fasting

Can I Break a Qada Fast?

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   1. Once someone has made the intention for an …

Read More →
Marriage

Shaping eyebrows & eyelash extensions

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   1. Opinions differ around the permissibility of removing part …

Read More →
Aqidah

Circumcision for a New Muslim

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   Circumcision is not a prerequisite for an individual to …

Read More →
Children

Ruling on Vasectomy

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته   The Shari’ah prohibits any medication or procedure that results …

Read More →
Scroll to Top